William Mortensen in Hollywood

wm00
William Mortensen in his studio with a photo of Jean Harlow.

Last Month my husband, a fellow photography buff, gifted me with a copy of American Grotesque: The Life and Art of William Mortensen for Valentine’s Day. The book contains a compilation of work by William Mortensen (1897–1965), a brilliant, innovative and visionary photographer who once worked in Hollywood snapping glamorous and exotic portraits of actors on set and in his studio. Mortensen’s unconventional methods and propensity towards grotesque, esoteric and erotically charged imagery compelled his peers, such as photographer Ansel Adams, to label Mortensen the “Antichrist” and in the following decades critics attempted to minimize his artistic contributions and erase Mortensen’s name from history books.

Thankfully they didn’t succeed and today we have the opportunity to reevaluate Mortensen’s work in two recent books published by Feral House that piece together the man’s fascinating life and career. Mortensen’s a complex individual with many different facets to his personality but the years he spent in Hollywood should be of particular interest to classic film fans.

agbookWilliam Mortensen arrived in Hollywood in 1921 accompanied by 14-year-old Fay Wray. At the time, Mortensen was an accomplished artist who had studied art in New York after a brief stint in the U.S. Army. He was born in Utah and returned there in 1921 where he became acquainted with young Fay Wray and her family. And although accounts vary, Mortensen reportedly was engaged to Fay’s older sister Willow and in 1921 he agreed to accompany her young sibling to Hollywood in attempt to jump start Fay’s acting career and secure himself work there.

The two set up house together on Hollywood Blvd. where Mortensen eventually opened his own photography studio. Due to his immense talent and an acquaintance who introduced him to director and producer King Vidor, Mortensen was quickly able to find work painting and designing backdrops for films. One of these films was Ferdinand P. Earle’s lost silent film, The Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám aka THE LOST OATH (1925), which starred Ramon Novarro. Soon afterward Mortensen found himself working with photographer Arthur Kales on Alan Dwan’s big budget production of ROBIN HOOD (1922) featuring Douglas Fairbanks. During all of this, Mortensen continued to act as Fay Wray’s guardian by providing her with a home, signing her school report cards, encouraging her to take dance lessons and securing her some small bit parts in a number of silent films. He also took a series of risqué photos of the young actress for publicity purposes that eventually found their way back to Utah and into the hands of Fay’s mother, Vina. Soon afterward, Vina Fay reportedly raced to Hollywood in an attempt to rescue her  daughter from Mortensen’s (assumed) advances.

By the time Fay’s mother arrived in Los Angeles she was hoping mad. She accused Mortensen of “having his way” with her young daughter and in a rage attempted to destroy all the photographs that Mortensen had taken of Fay along with the negatives. The parting between the Wray family and William Mortensen was ugly and unfortunate but the photographer insisted that he was innocent of any wrong doing and had simply been providing Fay with a good home.

After Fay Wray’s departure in 1922, Mortensen began earning a name for himself in Hollywood as a portrait photographer. Over the next nine years he photographed a number of popular leading ladies and men including Rudolph Valentino, Norma Shearer, Clara Bow, Romon Navarro, Warner Baxter and Janet Gaynor. He also continued to work in production and as a photographer on a number of films including Cecil B. DeMille’s biblical epics, THE TEN COMMANDMENTS (1923) and THE KING OF KINGS (1927). During this period Mortensen also became acquainted with actor Lon Chaney who he had immense respect for due to their shared interest in grotesque makeup and mask making. The two men worked together on William Nigh’s MR. WU (1927) and Tod Brownings’ WEST OF ZANZIBAR (1927), where Mortensen created unique tribal-style masks worn by Chaney and other cast members.

Mortensen’s time in Hollywood did not entirely revolve around work. He had an adventurous romantic life besides his curious dalliance with Fray Wray, which included a marriage in 1924 to Courtney Finch Crawford. Very little is known about Courtney and their marriage wasn’t especially happy or successful. Mortensen was an attractive man who had a wandering eye and reportedly maintained a number of affairs with the beautiful starlets he photographed. One romance of particular importance blossomed between Jean Harlow, who (if the above photo is to be believed) mesmerized the photographer. Mortensen took a series of stunning pictures of the platinum blond actress that are arguably some of her best and most luminous portraits. Considering his various flings, it’s not surprising that Mortensen’s marriage eventually dissolved but he ultimately became involved with the lovely Myrdith Monaghan, a budding actress and “Mack Sennett Girl.” Between his professional success and new found romance, it seemed that Mortensen’s career in Hollywood was destined for bigger and better things but events took a turn for the worse when Fay Wray unexpectedly reentered his life.

wm02

wm03

wm04
Top: Fay Wray (unconfirmed) | Middle: On the set of ROBIN HOOD (192) | Bottom: Jacqueline Logan on the set of THE KING OF KINGS (1927) – all photographs by William Mortensen

The year was 1928 and Fay Wray was now signed with Paramount Pictures and had just starred in Erich von Stroheim’s THE WEDDING MARCH (1928). After the release of the film, Fay married the acclaimed screenwriter John Monk Saunders and while the couple was enjoying their honeymoon in New York they received a frantic telegram from Fay’s overprotective mother Vina asking Saunders to ignore “the story” and “photographs” currently making waves in Hollywood. Apparently a magazine had published the risqué photos that Mortensen took of Fay when she was a budding young starlet accompanied by a sordid story about Fay and Mortensen’s early years in the City Of Angels. Fay’s new husband was furious and Paramount Studio executives demanded an explanation from their new star. After a heated meeting between Paramount management, Fay Wray, her mother and her husband, they concocted a legal document for William Mortensen to sign that would exonerate Fay from any wrongdoings. The photos were  declared fakes and Mortensen was forced to claim that his entire relationship with Fay Wray had been fabricated.

According to authors of American Grotesque, William Mortensen never publicly spoke about these events but a few short years afterward he closed his studio in Hollywood., packed his bags and relocated to Laguna Beach with Myrdith Monaghan, who he eventually married. His career didn’t end there although the trajectory changed dramatically, there is much, much more to this fascinating artist and his intriguing body of work than I can convey so I encourage you to pick up a copy of the book. If you’re interested in photography and obscure aspects of Hollywood history, American Grotesque is an absolute must read. Besides containing many extraordinary never before published photographs, the book also features a wealth of background information about Mortensen along with his own essay on Creative Pictorialism, a glossary of his photography methods and a final chapter about the “Mysterious Disappearance of William Mortensen” from history books.

What follows is just a small selection of Mortensen’s work for you to enjoy. I believe the photos were all taken between 1921 and 1942 and feature imagery that many classic film fans should appreciate.

wm07

Myrdith “Mack Sennett Girl” Monaghan-Mortensen

wm05

Anna May Wong in THE THIEF OF BAGDAD (1924)

wm14

Sojin Kamiyama THE THIEF OF BAGDAD (1924)

wm13

Janet Gaynor

wm08

Jean Harlow

wm10

Jean Harlow

wm18

Jean Harlow

wm12

Joyzelle Joyner in ONE HYSTERICAL NIGHT (1929)

wm11

Model wearing mask from WEST OF ZANZIBAR (1927)

wm21

This portrait of the demon “Belphegor”  (model Georg Dunham) illustrates Mortensen’s cinematic inclination and makeup skills.

wm20

“Off for the Sabbot” (model unknown) is another great example of Mortensen’s cinematic tendencies & fascination with the macabre.

wm16

“L’Amour” with Myrdith Monaghan-Mortensen & unknown man in gorilla costume. The photo is reminiscent of KING KONG (1931) and some believe the gorilla is Ray “Crash” Corrigan who often played apes in Hollywood movies.

wm15

Mary Duncan

wm01
Jeanne Crain

For more information about American Grotesque: The Life and Art of William Mortensen please visit the Feral House website where you can also order copies of the book.

6 Responses William Mortensen in Hollywood
Posted By Jenni : March 19, 2015 3:47 pm

Jeanne Crain!!! I had no idea she’d pose for a pic like that! What an interesting book, hoping our town’s library can get it through their lending program they participate in. Question: The Fay Wray/John Monk Saunders annecdote…you wrote that pics of the actress and stories(story) were being circulated in Hollywood, but by who? Paramount only called her on the carpet about it? Did Paramount also go after whoever published the pics and the story? Thanks!

Posted By Kimberly Lindbergs : March 19, 2015 4:15 pm

Jenni – You might find it interesting that Crain was one of the actresses that Mortensen may have had a romantic fling with! According to the book the photographer was very smitten with her. As for who “leaked” the Fay Wray photos to the press, no one seems to know or if they did they’re not talking. The book doesn’t offer any answers to that question so my post reflects that.

Posted By Susan Doll : March 19, 2015 6:55 pm

This is so interesting. I have never heard of Mortensen but I am now interested in getting the book.

Posted By swac44 : March 24, 2015 9:16 pm

I had seen some of those Jean Harlow photos, the bottom one seems to anticipate Marilyn Monroe by 20 years, but hadn’t seen the perfume bottle one before. Amazing work. Off to Amazon I go…

Posted By robbushblog : April 10, 2015 5:14 pm

I’d really like to read this book now. I’d also really like to see all of those Jeanne Crain pictures!

Posted By Artfrankmiami : May 24, 2016 9:40 am

There looks like more painting than makeup in some of those images…the Zanzibar image is an ingenious strobing effect before flash photography and I have a good idea how he did it dodging the figure except the back and arm and making several short exposures on the sheet before the full one (ironically my first important Photoshop art piece was like this a little bit, a repeat of a twilight zone type figure repeated three times in various densities).

I wonder what that gadget is that he’s using on the top Harlow photo. It looks like a brush attached to an air hose. I wouldn’t think you’d need that nust for dusting…wonder if it was for adding color tones. Thanks for the wonderful article.

Leave a Reply

Current ye@r *

Streamline is the official blog of FilmStruck, a new subscription service that offers film aficionados a comprehensive library of films including an eclectic mix of contemporary and classic art house, indie, foreign and cult films.