The Crooner and His Megaphone

I was browsing TCM’s August schedule and came across a title on Tuesday, August 9th at 6 am ET I had never heard of called CROONER (1932). Directed by Lloyd Bacon, starring David Manners, Ann Dvorak and J. Carrol Naish and clocking in at a brisk 68 minutes, it sounded like a potentially intriguing Pre-Code programmer.    

I managed to view it last night and it’s definitely that but something else too. The story of Teddy Taylor (Manners), a struggling musician and his jazz band (Ted Taylor’s Collegiates), CROONER starts off as a rags-to-riches tale where some talented nobodies realize overnight fame after adopting a stage gimmick and then transitions into a cautionary tale about the dangers of believing your own hype. The second half, however, becomes so increasingly outlandish as Ted’s ego and narcissism rages out of control that it works best as outright parody. And the target of that parody – whether intentional or not – appears to be Rudy Vallee.

In the film, Ted is a saxophone player and acknowledged bandleader of a swing ensemble composed of his college buddies. When his lead vocalist develops a throat problem during their current band gig, Ted is informed by the management that if they don’t produce another singer pronto, they’re fired. As the only other member of the band with a half decent voice, Ted reluctantly steps into the vocalist’s spot but his singing is thin and lacks power – the clubgoers can barely hear him. Then, a drunk (Guy Kibbee) dances past the stage and jokingly hands him a megaphone. If it was intended as an insult, it has the reverse effect on Ted who suddenly gains confidence as he is able to stylize and project his voice. More surprising is the effect it has on women. Ted’s voice is like musical catnip. The ladies become transfixed or giddy while others crowd the bandstand – we even see Hattie McDaniel, in a bit part, emerge from the club’s kitchen and bat her eyes in ecstasy. In effect, Ted becomes the equivalent of a male siren, killing the ladies softly with his warbling.

Like Ted, Rudy Vallee also started his own band while attending college (at Yale) and played the saxophone (and the clarinet too). In the beginning he didn’t really want to be a singer but discovered that most club owners at that time preferred bands with vocalists over traditional instrumental groups. Reputedly his bandmates tried to discourage him from singing – his voice was thin and not distinctive – but he persisted and became an accomplished singer of ballads and love songs. After he signed a record contract in 1928 and began performing on the radio, in addition to live appearances, his popularity grew rapidly, especially among women listeners who succumbed to his suave charm and smooth delivery. At some point in the late twenties he began using a megaphone to accent his phrasing and it became one of his trademarks.

Soon Vallee was mobbed by women everywhere he performed and it was inevitable that Hollywood would come calling. In 1929 he appeared in his first feature THE VAGABOND LOVER which helped mold the soon-to-be-stereotyped image of the crooner in movie musicals. Vallee’s singing style would soon inspire others to follow in his footsteps on screen such as Dick Powell and Bing Crosby and would endure as a trend in popular music until the forties. Audiences of today would probably find the appeal of this music inexplicable and in the case of CROONER, it’s not only silly but cloying – which is the movie’s inside joke. Despite the fact that several of the songs in the movie are written by such famous lyricists and composers as Al Dubin, Sammy Fain, and Harry Warren (and include “Three’s a Crowd,” “Banking on the Weather,”and “Sweethearts Forever”), they all end up sounding like the same song as sung by Ted. You long for some hot jazz or gutbucket blues. Anything to cut through these slow tempo serenades.

Ted becomes so enamored of himself and his newly revealed “hidden talent” that he loses all perspective on reality. He becomes convinced he’s some kind of genius, starts treating his bandmates like inferior hired help, ignores his fiancée (the irresistible Ann Dvorak) who helped launch his career, and fancies himself a continental playboy. CROONER’S depiction of Ted’s galloping vanity is amusingly developed through incidental shots of the singer admiring himself in mirrors – at home or in the ballroom – until he begins to puff up like a peacock, strutting around speaking in an affected aristocratic accent.  He hires an Asian valet named Nito, starts dressing in elegant Japanese robes and peppering his speech with French phrases. And we know he’s lost his mind when he begins training as an opera singer which makes for the most painfully funny scenes in the movie. This is one arrogant pea brain whose comeuppance is richly deserved and when it comes, it’s quite satisfying, even though the movie lets him off easy in the contrived happy ending.

While Ted is an extreme example of someone transformed into a monster by fame (check out THE OSCAR with Stephen Boyd for a more contemporary example), the parallels between this fictitious creation and Vallee are hard to ignore. At the height of his fame, it was said that Vallee was hated by his musicians and staff and treated them like slaves. He often got into fistfights with photographers and hecklers in the audience and had no shame when it came to boasts: “People called me the guy with the cock in his voice. Maybe that’s why in 84 years of life I’ve been with over 145 women and girls.” It’s “the girls” part of the quote that gives one pause…is he admitting he’s a pedophile? At any rate, Vallee’s penchant for fistfights obviously inspired the big climatic moment in CROONER when Ted gets heckled by a drunk and knocks him senseless, starting a huge brawl in the nightclub. When it’s revealed the heckler is a crippled war veteran, Ted’s stock hits rock bottom. Unlike Ted though, Vallee enjoyed a long and prosperous career as a singer AND an actor (he’s particularly delightful in Preston Sturges’ The Palm Beach Story). Even his archaic brand of crooning was revived briefly as a camp novelty by the New Vaudeville Band, who had a Billboard top forty hit with “Winchester Cathedral” in 1966 and were also featured on the soundtrack of the film, THE BLISS OF MRS. BLOSSOM (1968).

CROONER is no forgotten masterpiece but it’s a lot of fun and crackles with energy and wisecracks to spare. I’ve never cared for David Manners as an actor and always found him to be a handsome but colorless leading man with precious little charisma or screen presence. How he ended up in such iconic horror classics as DRACULA and THE MUMMY or got cast opposite such dynamic actresses as Barbara Stanwyck (The Miracle Woman [1931]) or Katharine Hepburn (A Bill of Divorcement [1932], A Woman Rebels [1936]) is a mystery because he’s rarely memorable in anything.  Yet I actually like him in CROONER. Not because it’s a great performance but because it’s great casting. He’s much more believable playing a conceited but mediocre singer who becomes convinced of his own greatness because it’s a side of Manners we’ve always suspected. But even in this, Manners is overshadowed by Dvorak, J. Carrol Naish as the chiseling, underhanded nightclub owner, Claire Dodd (in an amusing bit as an underwhelmed sexual conquest), and Ken Murray – yes, the famous entertainer, TV star and host of “Screen Snapshots” – as Ted’s street savvy manager and romantic rival for Dvorak.

In the end, CROONER proves you can be a minor talent and still become a superstar – if you have a gimmick. And Ted’s gimmick – the megaphone – takes on a phallic significance that far eclipses his actual gifts. He drives the women wild but that’s a pretty sad commentary in itself. At the fadeout, it’s obvious the joke is on us.

26 Responses The Crooner and His Megaphone
Posted By suzidoll : January 16, 2010 3:58 pm

Making the connection between Vallee and the main character in this story was right on the money.

Posted By suzidoll : January 16, 2010 3:58 pm

Making the connection between Vallee and the main character in this story was right on the money.

Posted By Keith : January 16, 2010 6:09 pm

Thanks so much for a thorough and refreshing discussion of a movie I have never seen but now must see! Thanks for your great work here!

Posted By Keith : January 16, 2010 6:09 pm

Thanks so much for a thorough and refreshing discussion of a movie I have never seen but now must see! Thanks for your great work here!

Posted By Lou Lumenick : January 17, 2010 7:46 am

Ever see William Dieterle’s “The Last Flight” (1931)? Manners is very good as a wisecracking World War I vet in Europe in this unusual movie about The Lost Generation.

Posted By Lou Lumenick : January 17, 2010 7:46 am

Ever see William Dieterle’s “The Last Flight” (1931)? Manners is very good as a wisecracking World War I vet in Europe in this unusual movie about The Lost Generation.

Posted By Patricia : January 17, 2010 9:43 am

I’m looking forward to this one. It’s grand to see fellow Canuck Manners when he’s not being menaced by the supernatural or supercreepy.

For a similar themed film, check out the Disney short “Donald’s Dilemma” from 1947. A dropped flower pot and fame go to Donald Duck’s head.

Posted By Patricia : January 17, 2010 9:43 am

I’m looking forward to this one. It’s grand to see fellow Canuck Manners when he’s not being menaced by the supernatural or supercreepy.

For a similar themed film, check out the Disney short “Donald’s Dilemma” from 1947. A dropped flower pot and fame go to Donald Duck’s head.

Posted By morlockjeff : January 17, 2010 10:10 am

I’ve never seen THE LAST FLIGHT but will search it out. I’m always open to a change of opinion about actors I’ve been unimpressed with when offered the opportunity to see their best work in rarely shown films.

Posted By morlockjeff : January 17, 2010 10:10 am

I’ve never seen THE LAST FLIGHT but will search it out. I’m always open to a change of opinion about actors I’ve been unimpressed with when offered the opportunity to see their best work in rarely shown films.

Posted By keelsetter : January 17, 2010 10:49 am

Indy rock bands have also used the megaphone to interesting effect, specifically: Michael Stipe from R.E.M. and Gibby Haynes from The B-hole Surfers.

“…killing the ladies softly with his warbling.” LOL!

Posted By keelsetter : January 17, 2010 10:49 am

Indy rock bands have also used the megaphone to interesting effect, specifically: Michael Stipe from R.E.M. and Gibby Haynes from The B-hole Surfers.

“…killing the ladies softly with his warbling.” LOL!

Posted By edster : January 17, 2010 3:45 pm

I would really like to see this movie. I wish someone would either release or upload it!

Posted By edster : January 17, 2010 3:45 pm

I would really like to see this movie. I wish someone would either release or upload it!

Posted By VJESCI : January 17, 2010 3:47 pm

“On 2 July 1789, he improvised a megaphone from a funnel that was used for emptying slops and gained the window of his room. Below him, the nearer streets were crowded with local people in the summer afternoon. Using his megaphone, Sade hailed them and began his harangue. According to witnesses, he shouted that the guards had been given orders to kill all the prisoners in the Bastille and that they were even now preparing to cut the throats of the inmates. “I stirred up the spirit of the people from my window,” he wrote, “I drew them together below it. I warned them of the preparations being made in the Bastille and urged them to tear down this monument of horrors. All that is true.” His words ran across the square and the crowd began to pay attention. As there was a response to this and a murmuring of interest, Sade urged them to be quick, if they intended to attempt a rescue.”

Posted By VJESCI : January 17, 2010 3:47 pm

“On 2 July 1789, he improvised a megaphone from a funnel that was used for emptying slops and gained the window of his room. Below him, the nearer streets were crowded with local people in the summer afternoon. Using his megaphone, Sade hailed them and began his harangue. According to witnesses, he shouted that the guards had been given orders to kill all the prisoners in the Bastille and that they were even now preparing to cut the throats of the inmates. “I stirred up the spirit of the people from my window,” he wrote, “I drew them together below it. I warned them of the preparations being made in the Bastille and urged them to tear down this monument of horrors. All that is true.” His words ran across the square and the crowd began to pay attention. As there was a response to this and a murmuring of interest, Sade urged them to be quick, if they intended to attempt a rescue.”

Posted By sandi : January 17, 2010 5:54 pm

Why do I NOT see the “GANGSTA-MAN” with the hat any more on TCM? Just the TCM in the rectangle.

Posted By sandi : January 17, 2010 5:54 pm

Why do I NOT see the “GANGSTA-MAN” with the hat any more on TCM? Just the TCM in the rectangle.

Posted By Ned Merrill : January 25, 2010 1:17 pm

Glad I thought to put this on my DVR when I browsed the TCM schedule. I will revisit your article after I view it.

Posted By Ned Merrill : January 25, 2010 1:17 pm

Glad I thought to put this on my DVR when I browsed the TCM schedule. I will revisit your article after I view it.

Posted By moirafinnie : January 29, 2010 10:09 am

I waited to read this amusing article until I’d had an opportunity to see Crooner and it was worth the wait. I loved the scenes when Hattie McDaniel and the girls seem to have a rush of estrogen whenever they hear Ted Taylor’s annoying voice. My favorite moment is when all the sheep, lemmings, peabrains, women press their noses against the radio station’s glass separating them from the object of their adoration.

While I can see what you mean about the inadequacies of David Manners‘ screen persona (did they really think that he was a suitable consort for Stanwyck!?), I also liked him, Richard Barthelmess and Helen Chandler quite a lot in The Last Flight (1931-William Dieterle), which was based on one of John Monk Saunders’ lost generation novels, Single Lady.

Btw, is anyone certain that Rudy Vallee understood that he was a stock comedic character when he was in such Preston Sturges’ movies as The Palm Beach Story? I suspect that he thought he was the star.

Thanks for drawing attention to Crooner. It was a hoot.

Posted By moirafinnie : January 29, 2010 10:09 am

I waited to read this amusing article until I’d had an opportunity to see Crooner and it was worth the wait. I loved the scenes when Hattie McDaniel and the girls seem to have a rush of estrogen whenever they hear Ted Taylor’s annoying voice. My favorite moment is when all the sheep, lemmings, peabrains, women press their noses against the radio station’s glass separating them from the object of their adoration.

While I can see what you mean about the inadequacies of David Manners‘ screen persona (did they really think that he was a suitable consort for Stanwyck!?), I also liked him, Richard Barthelmess and Helen Chandler quite a lot in The Last Flight (1931-William Dieterle), which was based on one of John Monk Saunders’ lost generation novels, Single Lady.

Btw, is anyone certain that Rudy Vallee understood that he was a stock comedic character when he was in such Preston Sturges’ movies as The Palm Beach Story? I suspect that he thought he was the star.

Thanks for drawing attention to Crooner. It was a hoot.

Posted By edster : February 9, 2010 1:38 pm

Is anyone here able to transfer this film onto a region free disc?
I would be happy to cover costs etc.

Thanks in advance
Eddie

Posted By edster : February 9, 2010 1:38 pm

Is anyone here able to transfer this film onto a region free disc?
I would be happy to cover costs etc.

Thanks in advance
Eddie

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